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Facial flushing?  – Is this ‘normal’ or do you have a skin condition (rosacea)?

Published: Mon October 23, 2017
Categories: The Myth Minx

Rosacea presents its (red) face in variety of different subtypes, so Myth Minx is going to help shed light on these and how they may differ. 

If you’re a rosacea sufferer, this can actually cause considerable emotional distress, especially since many people aren’t too clued up on the ins and outs of this red-faced condition. In Australia it’s estimated that somewhere between 5–10% of the population have some type of rosacea (perhaps even more as the milder cases are often not diagnosed). 

Wondering how you fell into this 5–10%, check out MM’s summary of those more prone to rosacea:

  • Ages between 30–50 
  • Female (note: men who do develop rosacea tend to have more severe symptoms)
  • Caucasian
  • Fair skin
  • Blond hair and blue eyes
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Celtic or Scandinavian ancestors

Now, let’s get technical, what actually is rosacea?

Rosacea is characterised by skin redness often with small red bumps typically seen over the nose and cheeks and sometimes occurring over the chin, forehead and neck.

Rosacea often starts with intermittent flushing and vasodilation of the blood vessels over the nose and cheeks. Take note when this happens, as this is an early indicator of things to come. If left unchecked and untreated, this constant vasodilation can result in permanently red and inflamed skin.

What type of rosacea could you be experiencing?

So MM’s description above may sound pretty broad, so let’s hone in on the different subtypes. To be clear, there are 4 subtypes, with Subtype 1 and 2 being the most commonly seen.

Subtype 1 – Facial Redness (erythematotelangiectatic rosacea) (ETR) – Flushing and persistent redness is the common denominator here. For some, they will notice small blood vessels more visible or more rarely; stinging, burning, swelling or roughness.  

Subtype 2 – Acne rosacea (Papulopustular) – Persistent redness is seen in addition to bumps (in the form of papules or pustules. Middle-aged women tend to be the typical sufferer of this type. 

Subtype 3 - Phymatous Rosacea (enlargement of the nose) – Note, this form is quite rare and usually affects males. Includes thickening of the skin and enlargement of the nose from excess tissue.

Subtype 4 - Ocular Rosacea (irritation of the eye) – Can involve watery or bloodshot eyes with irritation and burning or stinging. The eyelids may also become swollen, and styes are common.

Most commonly rosacea sufferers have a combination of type 1 (facial redness with visible capillaries) and type 2 (redness with bumps).

Can you prevent rosacea?
It’s difficult to prevent rosacea from occurring, however MM wants you to be mindful of underlying causes and trigger factors (outside of genetic predisposition).

Possible causes can include:

  • Low stomach acid & low pancreatic enzymes
  • Heliobacter pylori in the stomach
  • Poor digestion
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Possible overgrowth of the skin mite Demodex folliculorum

Triggers:

  • Certain factors can flare up and exacerbate rosacea for some, including:
  • Excessively warm environments (hot bath, sauna, overheating)
  • Weather (sun, strong winds, high humidity, cold)
  • Alcohol
  • Hot drinks
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Certain foods (dairy, chocolate, spicy foods)

Lifestyle tips for reducing chronic redness:

  • Limit high intake of alcohol and coffee (or other acidic foods)
  • Increase intake of fresh foods such as cucumber, apples, lettuce, celery, bananas and melons
  • Quit smoking 
  • Minimise excessive stress by adopting relaxation techniques

Topical Rosacea skin saviours

MM shares her most successful skin saviours for red, sensitised or inflamed skin:

 
Cleanse
– using Skinstitut Gentle Cleanser – this non-irritating and calming cleanser softens, purifies and hydrates even the most hypersensitive skin.

 
Exfoliate
– 2 – 3 times per week apply Enzymatic Micro Peel. This soothing micro exfoliant contains generous amounts of B vitamins (B3 & B5) to assist in reducing redness, inflammation and sensitivity.


Correct
– Spritz daily Skinstitut’s Multi-Active Mist (after cleansing while skin is still damp). The power packed corrector contains Vitamin B3, Vitamin C and antioxidants to help strengthen rosacea prone skins.


Hydrate
- MM considers Laser Aid to be the Holy Grail for rosacea – use as an ultra-soothing and calming moisturiser. Laser Aid contains a rich blend of vitamins and antioxidants to assist in skin repair while also soothing redness and irritation. Using powerful botanical extracts such as Canadian willowherb and cucumber, daily application will deliver ongoing relief.


Protect
Age Defence SPF 50+ should be applied each morning as protection from overexposure to the harmful effects of the sun.

For a more individualised homecare prescription, trying completing Skinstitut’s digital consultation online, simply follow this link www.skinstitut.com/5aday

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