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Things you need to know about retinoic acid or tretinoin for skincare and ageing

Published: Wed March 06, 2013
Categories: Top 5 Advice
Tags: ageing, concentrate, Concentration, moisturiser, Products, redness, Retinoic Acid, Retinol, skinstitut, Top 5

Tretinoin is the acid form of vitamin A and is also known as all-trans retinoic acid or ATRA. It is a prescription drug commonly used to treat acne and aging skin. It is available as a cream or gel (brand names Aberela, Airol, Renova, Atralin, Retin-A, Avita, or Stieva-A). With all acidic forumulas used on the skin, you need to do your homework before prescribing or using it in your skin routine. This week Managing Director, Fiona Tuck gives us the top 5 things you need to know about Retinoic acid or Tretinoin for skincare & ageing. 1. How does Retinoic acid work? Retinoic acid is easily absorbed by the skin cells and helps to prevent the onset of wrinkles, dark spots and other signs of aging by regulating cell production. Although retinol is also a vitamin A, it has to first be converted into retinoic acid before it can be absorbed by the skin hence the efficacy of creams that contain retinoic acid supersedes preparations that contain retinol as the primary ingredient. Retinoic acid can be extremely irritating and drying on the skin when used in large does and therefore should only be used in prescription monitored amounts for short periods of time. 2. How much Retinoic acid should I use? Only a small amount should be applied to a clean skin. Dosage is dependent on the severity of the condition that the product has been prescribed for. This kind of cream should be used once a day in order to see conspicuous clinical results. Due to possible side effects of light sensitivity and redness it is best used in the evening and you need to avoid direct sunlight on your skin once you have commenced use. Another case for the use of sunscreen as part of your daily skincare routine. 3.What concentration of Retinoic acid should I use? Normally, creams for normal skin type will contain 0.05% of retinoic acid while products manufactured for people with sensitive skin will contain 0.025% of the ingredient. 4. Can I use Retinoic acid with other products? For example, should I put moisturizer over the top? Yes moisturizers can be used with retinoic acid preparations; however, they are not needed because the substance is enough to promote the production of collagen across the skin layer, reduce the thickness of the epidermis and rejuvenate the skin giving the user a youthful and radiant glow. As the skin is introduced to Retinoic acid there may be initial redness, sensitivity and flakiness as cell production increases and a moisturizer may be required to comfort the skin. 5. How can I keep my investment to a minimum? Retinoic acid prescriptions may be used for a short period to give the skin a renewal boost and then a more affordable long-term option of using retinol may be gentler on the skin.

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